By Lion Vaganay, Christian-Bernard Amphoux, Jenny Heimerdinger, Keith Elliott
A common survey of the examine of latest testomony manuscripts that outlines for college kids of the hot testomony the fundamental instruments and talents thinking about learning these manuscripts. the current version is a completely revised and up to date model of the overdue L?on Vaganay's Initiation a l. a. critique du Nouveau testomony, released in 1933, and every portion of that unique paintings has been stated to this point in mild of the most recent learn within the box. supplying because it does a large review, instead of a step by step advent, the ebook appears at its topic thematically, and its 4 sections disguise, respectively, the character and personality of the records themselves; the tools of learning them; the background of the texts sooner than they have been published; and their heritage next to their printing. widespread all through is a priority to narrate the topic to an enquiry into the earliest historical past of the hot testomony (prior to 2 hundred AD), which supplies an engaging own point of view on a subject matter of a few debate, but with no neglecting to ascertain conflicting critiques and perspectives.
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Additional info for An Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism
The oldest Greek parchment known dates from the end of the third or the beginning of the second century BC and was found at Dura-Europos in the Euphrates valley some seventy years ago. Tradition has it that when one of the Ptolemaean kings refused to send papyrus to the people of Pergamum it was they who invented a method of preparing skins that made writing on them less arduous than it had been previously. The animal skin, usually a sheep's, instead of being tanned was softened in a solution of lime and then scraped with a knife in order to take off the hairy or greasy parts, before beingfinallypolished with a pumice stone.
As a final note, it may be added that a number of manuscripts display a curious mixture of uncial and minuscule letters, an indication of the transition which was taking place from capitals to a freer style of writing. Presentation and punctuation As a general rule, in the uncial manuscripts the words are not separated from each other but the writing is continuous (scriptio continud). It is not until the eleventh century, and then only in the Latin manuscripts, that there exists any kind of systematic separation of words or sections of the text.
They are designated by a small letter (as in Nestle-Aland26; see 1898- (III)) which is sometimes added in superscript to the abbreviation 'it' (UBS3a; see 1966- (III)). But as there are not enough letters for all the manuscripts, the Vetus Latina Institut in Beuron (Germany) has made a new list using Arabic numerals starting with 1. g. 'e' means Codex Palatinus for the Gospels, the Latin side of Codex Laudianus for Acts, and Codex Sangermanensis for the Pauline Epistles). In the following comments on the main manuscripts, the new Beuron number is used and then the old letter given.