By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the U.S. has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the trendy economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. capability for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safety nation, a posh of businesses, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safeguard preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that complicated emerged and the way it has advanced in line with altering geopolitical threats and household political constraints, from the chilly conflict interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital money, new types of know-how procurement through security and security-related corporations, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide defense kingdom has been the crucible for leap forward thoughts, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent organisations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her booklet appraises continual myths in regards to the military-commercial courting on the middle of the nationwide safety country. Weiss additionally discusses the results for figuring out U.S. capitalism, the yankee country, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized companies curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Extra resources for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State
26 Although small by DoD standards (receiving less than 4 percent of the military’s Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation budget), the agency’s broad remit and agile form would spark numerous breakthroughs stimulating military and commercial innovation, ranging from stealth aircraft to the internet. Whereas DARPA was intended to lead investigation and development of revolutionary technologies from within the Defense Department, NASA was established as an independent agency tasked with increasing national opportunities for scientiﬁc and technological advancement in space-related ﬁelds.
Growth: The Sputnik Effect (1958–1968) It’s really an impressive story of how we turned a negative into a positive. We won the space race. We built miniaturized objects that became cell phones and GPS systems. We built the Internet. And at the end of the day, there is no Soviet Union. CBS News, February 11, 2009 In October 1957, at the height of the Cold War, the USSR launched Sputnik, a small, earth-orbiting satellite hardly bigger than a beach ball. This world ﬁrst achievement was met by America with a mix of fear and awe.
Would help in preventing the public from being exercised over any ideas that the War Department might be contemplating the use of this weapon offensively” (Bernstein 1987, 117). The rationale behind the NIH’s launch of a “War on Cancer” (discussed below) was arguably similar. ” The Chemical-Biological Coordination Center that succeeded the BWC continued to provide a forum to promote close cooperation between the Army, Navy, NIH, and the American Cancer Society, each providing the center with ﬁnancial support.