By Edited by Yasutami Shimomura Edited by Machiko Nissanke
Via comparative stories of aid-supported infrastructure initiatives in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, the ebook examines how relief may well help improvement strategies via facilitating improvement of neighborhood endogenous associations.
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Extra resources for Aid as Handmaiden for the Development of Institutions: A New Comparative Perspective
Chinese technical assistance is also provided with the use of all the Chinese experts in Africa. Provided primarily through bilateral agreements, Chinese aid is highly tied to Chinese products and companies. China emphasizes that its economic cooperation creates a ‘win-win’ outcome for African countries, operated on the basis of ‘mutual benefits’, though it is undoubtedly heavily influenced by its own domestic economic imperatives and the business interests of Chinese companies as well as China’s foreign policy, which are the push factor behind China’s decision to adopt the policy of ‘Going Global’ as a part of its own overall economic development strategy (Nissanke and Söderberg 2011).
6A,B, a larger proportion of foreign aid is historically accounted for by bilateral ODA, of which Japanese aid has historically dominated in East Asia. In contrast, multilateral aid has increased its share over time and no single donor has taken a commanding share in SSA, as is the case in East Asia. Instead, traditional Western donors as a group have had a dominant share in bilateral aid in SSA. 5 Bilateral vs multilateral aid flows: comparison of SSA and East Asia (constant 2010 prices) Sources: OECD data set on ODA flows.
The Aichi Plan was implemented between 1957 and 1961 as Japan’s first multi-purpose development plan which provided water for irrigation, domestic and industrial purposes, as well as hydropower generation. There are several key features of this integrated approach, including: 1. Water use: During the early stage of the Aichi Plan, water use was largely directed to irrigation for 33,000ha of paddy and upland farm fields. However, as urbanization and industrialization took place rapidly, the agricultural area decreased accordingly, as did demand for irrigation.