Download Affirmative Action and the University: Race, Ethnicity, and by Kul B. Rai PDF

By Kul B. Rai

Affirmative motion and the college is the single full-length examine to check the influence of affirmative motion on all better schooling hiring practices. Drawing on data supplied via the equivalent Employment chance fee and the U.S. division of Education’s nationwide middle for schooling data, the authors summarize, music, and review alterations within the gender and ethnic make-up of educational and nonacademic staff at deepest and public schools and universities from the overdue Nineteen Seventies throughout the mid-1990s. Separate chapters check adjustments in employment possibilities for white girls, blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and local americans. The authors examine the level to which a two-tier employment procedure exists. In one of these approach minorities and girls usually tend to make their maximum earnings in non-elite positions instead of in college and administrative positions. The authors additionally study adjustments in hiring practices among private and non-private schools and universities.

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23 Before Kennedy’s assassination, Congress, with the administration’s support, added nondiscrimination in private employment to the bill. Discrimination in employment on the basis of race, religion, or national origin was to be banned by Congress. The ban on sex discrimination was included in the bill soon after Lyndon Johnson became president. The expanded version of the bill faced a long and difficult debate in Congress, especially in the Senate, where Southern Democrats tried to kill it with a filibuster.

By the time Lyndon Johnson’s term ended, the Philadelphia Plan seemed all but dead. It was revived by President Richard Nixon – or, rather, by Labor Secretary George Schulz. Ironically, Nixon had campaigned against Johnson’s Great Society Program and was not considered a supporter of affirmative action. In June 1969, the Department of Labor issued the revised Philadelphia Plan, which was “no watered-down version of its predecessor . . ”36 The goal of this plan was to increase minority hiring in the construction industry so that it eventually would reach proportional representation.

Charles and Barbara Whalen cite “five forces” responsible for the passing of the Civil Rights Act, 1964: First, by 1963 blacks throughout America, as Martin Luther King explained, decided the time for effective civil rights legislation had finally arrived. . Second, protest, which had been localized in the past, was widespread. . Third, the protestors’ cause was abetted by the excesses of those who opposed their demands. . Fourth, civil rights leaders suc- History of Affirmative Action 7 cessfully exploited these grisly incidents [reflecting callousness of the civil rights opponents] to attract support to their cause.

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