By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and straightforwardness to the method of reservoir simulation. till simulation software program and different tools of reservoir characterization have been constructed, engineers needed to drill quite a few wells to discover how you can extract crude oil and ordinary fuel. at the present time, in spite of hugely subtle reservoir simulations software program on hand, reservoir simulation nonetheless contains loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation offers a complicated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technological know-how and what's recognized in regards to the person reservoir.
This cutting-edge e-book in petroleum simulation:
Describes answer strategies that let a number of ideas to the full equations, with no linearization.
Solves the main tough reservoir engineering difficulties comparable to viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on determination tree with clinical argument.
Discusses answer schemes in terms of different disciplines and revolutionizes danger research and choice making.
comprises significant other software program with 3D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code to be had for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
via supplying a important software to aid reservoir simulation predictions with genuine technology, this booklet is an important reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation history (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few resolution options (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering process (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A accomplished fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum creation (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Additional resources for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
Although the 3-D version of the hydraulic fracturing model can be in the framework put forward earlier (Wilkinson et al, 1997), differences of opinion exist as to how thermal stress can be added to the in situ stress equations. 3 Viscous Fingering During Miscible Displacement Viscous fingering is believed to be dominant in both miscible and immiscible flooding and of much importance in a number of practical areas including secondary and tertiary oil recovery. However, modeling viscous fingering remains a formidable task.
4 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION Recent Advances in Reservoir Simulation The recent advances in reservoir simulation may be viewed as: • Speed and accuracy; • New fluid flow equations; • Coupled fluid flow and geo-mechanical stress model; and • Fluid flow modeling under thermal stress. 1 Speed and Accuracy The need for new equations in oil reservoirs arises mainly for fractured reservoirs as they constitute the largest departure from Darcy's flow behavior. Advances have been made in many fronts.
E. , and the variation of them through the reservoir. Almost all the reservoir rocks are highly variable in their properties. The heterogeneity of reservoir matrix may be classified into two main categories. The first is the lithological heterogeneity and the second source of heterogeneity is attributed to inherent spatial rock variability, which is the variation of rock properties from one point to another in space due to the different deposition condition and different loading histories. The first question arising is how to treat the fluid and the matrix to obtain a complete description of them.