By Haykin S., Totterdill P.
At a degree appropriate for graduate classes on adaptive sign processing, this textbook develops the mathematical concept of varied realizations of linear adaptive filters with finite-duration impulse reaction, and in addition presents an introductory therapy of supervised neural networks. a number of laptop experiments illustrate the underlying conception and functions of the LMS (least mean-square) and RLS (recursive-least-squares) algorithms, and difficulties finish every one bankruptcy.
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7). The current is pure electronic, which is evidenced by its deflection in a magnetic field and by the x radiation from the anode (Mesyats and Proskurovsky, 1989). 6. 5 mm, VQ = 50 kV. The voltage pulse arrived at the test vacuum gap through a coaxial cable. The first spike was due to the displacement current through the vacuum gap 200 4000 III 1 («) //; /// 150 A 1A* 3200 1—1 ^ 2400 '^ 100 *2? i 50 i4 1600 / m \ V; ! 7. The switching time as a function of gap spacing for aluminum (7), copper (2), and molybdenum electrodes (3) (a) and the delay time as a function of average electric field for molybdenum (7), copper (2), aluminum (5), lead (4), and graphite electrodes (5) (b) THE VACUUM DISCHARGE 41 This current is the current of explosive electron emission resulting from the appearance of a great number of secondary ectons, the origin of which will be discussed below.
Thus, the pattern of the formation of an ecton is as follows: Originally, on the initiation of EEE, the current density is about 10^ A/cm^. There occur fast heating of the cathode material in a microvolume and its explosion, resulting in efficient explosive emission. As the explosion develops, the emission zone increases in size and heat is removed by conduction, evaporation, and ejection of the heated liquid metal. All this reduces the temperature and thermoelectron emission current density in this zone.
10. Reduced mass lost by a conical cathode versus cone angle. Cathode material: Mo (7, 3) and W (2, 4)\ ^p = 5 (7, 2) and 20 ns (i, 4)\ VQ = 20 kV; C/ = 2 mm As can be seen from Fig. 10, the reduced mass lost by a conical point decreases with increasing angle 0. For large angles, the mass removal in the plasma phase prevails. Let us denote the reduced mass lost by a cathode in the form of plasma (ions) by y,. 20) of the simplest ecton theory: y, =jp(a/hy^^. 2, we obtain for y, « 7-10"^ and 6-10-^ g/C solid and liquid copper, respectively.