By Kelly Sims Gallagher, David T. Ellwood
Strength coverage is on everyone's brain nowadays. The U.S. presidential crusade desirous about strength independence and exploration ("Drill, child, drill!"), weather switch, substitute fuels, even nuclear power. yet there's a major problem endemic to America's strength demanding situations. Policymakers are likely to do exactly sufficient to meet political calls for yet no longer adequate to resolve the genuine difficulties, they usually wait too lengthy to behave. The ensuing guidelines are overly reactive, enacted as soon as harm is already performed, and they're too usually incomplete, incoherent, and ineffectual. Given the gravity of present fiscal, geopolitical, and environmental matters, this can be extra unacceptable than ever. this significant quantity information this challenge, making transparent the unlucky result of such short-sighted pondering, and it proposes measures to beat this counterproductive tendency. all the individuals to performing in Time on strength coverage are affiliated with Harvard college and rank between America's pre-eminent power coverage analysts. They take on vital questions as they pertain to precise parts of power coverage: Why are those elements of strength coverage so vital? How might "acting in time"?—i.e. no longer ready till politics calls for action?—make a distinction? What may still our coverage really be? we have to get power coverage correct this time?—Gallagher and her colleagues aid prepared the ground.
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Additional info for Acting in Time on Energy Policy
Pdf). 60. Lin (2006). 61. Excluding large hydropower but including small hydropower. 34 Kelly Sims Gallagher even if it succeeds in expanding so rapidly, the 40 GW would only account for about 4 percent of the anticipated total capacity by then. Because of China’s heavy reliance on coal and its current stage of industrialization and economic development, China’s emissions have grown rapidly so far this century. 62 It will be extremely difficult for China to reduce emissions in absolute terms any time soon because of its current stage of industrialization and heavy reliance on coal.
Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: HM Treasury. K. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. 2006. Climate Change: The UK Programme 2006. : Office of Public Sector Information. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 2007. ” Report FCCC/SBI/2007/30 (October ). Unruh, Gregory C. ” Energy Policy 28, no. 12: 817–30. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008. S. ” USEPA 430-R-08-005 (April). S. National Petroleum Council. 2007. Hard Truths: Facing Hard Truths about Energy.
IPCC WG1 (2007, p. 212). 9. , p. 822. 10. These are global average surface temperatures. They will vary widely around the globe. 11. IPCC WG1 (2007, p. 749). 12. This is the IPCC’s “B1” scenario. 9°C. 13. This is the IPCC’s “A1F1” scenario. 4°C (IPCC WG1 2007, p. 13). 14. IPCC Working Group III (IPCC WG3 2007). 15. Hansen and others (2008). 1). a. SRES, Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. 1960 Stabilization level I : 445–490 ppm CO2e II : 490–535 ppm CO2e III : 535–590 ppm CO2e IV : 590–710 ppm CO2e V : 710–855 ppm CO2e VI : 855–1130 ppm CO2e post-SRES range Historical emissions Gigatons of CO2 per year 2060 III 2080 II IV V VI I 280 300 2 4 6 8 400 Degrees celsius I 500 II III 600 IV 700 800 V 900 VI Figure 2-1.