By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain
Many nations all over the world block or clear out web content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but additionally in terms of sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for usual electorate. entry Denied files and analyzes net filtering practices in over 3 dozen nations, providing the 1st carefully performed examine of this accelerating pattern. net filtering happens in at the very least 40 states around the globe together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. similar web content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S., and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of worldwide web filtering undertaken through the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman heart for net and Society at Harvard legislations institution, the Citizen Lab on the collage of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford collage, and the collage of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings by way of neighborhood specialists and an intensive community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, felony, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from various views. Chapters talk about the mechanisms and politics of web filtering, the strengths and boundaries of the expertise that powers it, the relevance of overseas legislations, moral concerns for companies that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the results of net filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions. experiences on net content material rules in 40 assorted international locations persist with, with each one kingdom profile outlining the categories of content material blocked through class and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain
Read Online or Download Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship] PDF
Similar public policy books
We're all ‘glass consumers’. organisations understand lots approximately us, they could virtually see via us. The Glass purchaser appraises this relentless scrutiny of consumers’ lives. It studies what's recognized approximately how own info is used and examines the advantages and hazards to shoppers.
This publication covers a wide variety of issues through researchers from a number of nations, together with Canada, Germany, Japan, the uk and the USA. the choice of papers displays present study developments and purposes on the intersection of incapacity and wellbeing and fitness. The ebook includes disability-related subject matters stretching around the lifestyles span from youth weight problems and the evaluate of future health and serve as in older adults.
The aim of this booklet is to show scholars of the supporting professions, counselors, academics, collage professors, psychological medical examiners, and social employees to the original features of consultant American subgroups and to successfully help those comparable pros as they paintings with consumers and/or scholars from those populations.
The authors clarify the ways that uncertainty is a crucial think about the issues of threat and coverage research. This booklet outlines the resource and nature of uncertainty, discusses strategies for acquiring and utilizing professional judgment, and reports numerous uncomplicated and complicated tools for interpreting uncertainty.
- Recruitment, Retention, and Utilization of Federal Scientists and Engineers
- Not a Minute More: Ending Violence Against Women
Additional resources for Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship]
Within these realms, our research found ample evidence of both blocking of the entire domain and selected blocking of subsites, or pages within the domain. Such blocking is discussed in the respective state reports in the appendix to this book. edu was blocked in China in 2002 after our first report of Internet filtering was placed there. ) We have also observed several other means of URL-based filtering. As the results presented in chapter 1 show, several states—including China, Iran, Myanmar, and Yemen—block access to all URLs containing particular strings of letters (such as ‘‘ass’’), whether such banned terms appear in the domain or in superfluous characters at its end.
IP blocking is effective in blocking the intended target and no new equipment needs to be purchased. 3 Blocking techniques IP blocking Azerbaijan DNS tampering Blockpage X X X Bahrain China X Ethiopia X India X X X X Iran X Jordan X Libya Myanmar X X X X Saudi Arabia X Singapore X South Korea X X Sudan X X Syria X Thailand Tunisia X X United Arab Emirates X Uzbekistan* X Vietnam Yemen X X Oman Pakistan Keyword X X X X Blocking behavior included in this table may include international gateway level filtering, and filtering techniques used by different ISPs.
Once filtering is implemented, it is applied to a broad range of content. These different types of filtering activities are often correlated with each other, and can be used as a pretense for expanding government control of cyberspace. Vietnam, for example, uses pornography as its publicly stated reason for filtering, yet blocks little pornography. 6 Social filtering and voice and accountability. AE—United Arab Emirates; AF—Afghanistan; AZ— Azerbaijan; BH—Bahrain; BY—Belarus; CN—China; DZ—Algeria; EG—Egypt; ET—Ethiopia; HK— Hong Kong; IL—Israel; IN—India; IR—Iran; IQ—Iraq; JO—Jordan; KG—Kyrgyzstan; KR—South Korea; KZ—Kazakhstan; LY—Libya; MA—Morocco; MD—Moldova; MM—Burma/Myanmar; MY—Malaysia; NP—Nepal; OM—Oman; PK—Pakistan; PS—Gaza/West Bank; RU—Russia; SA—Saudi Arabia; SD— Sudan; SG—Singapore; SY—Syria; TH—Thailand; TH—Tunisia; TN—Tunisia; TJ—Tajikistan; UA— Ukraine; UZ—Uzbekistan; VE—Venezuela; VN—Vietnam; YE—Yemen; ZW—Zimbabwe.