Download Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global by Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley PDF

By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for educational positions - is a debatable yet strangely universal perform across the world. This ebook is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the factors, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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2 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature Olga Gorelova and Maria Yudkevich Introduction The problem of faculty inbreeding has been studied by researchers around the world for nearly a century. This chapter presents a thorough summary of the main studies focused on this phenomenon, beginning with definitions of inbreeding and a short historical discussion of when and where the first interest in inbreeding emerged. The chapter then presents what the literature has to say about possible reasons for inbreeding policies as well as the consequences of such practices.

Most of these studies, except those of McGee (1960) and Wyer and Conrad (1984), proved the negative impact of inbreeding on the scientific performance of faculty. Among the most recent works on the United States, there are studies of inbreeding practices in law schools by Eisenberg and Wells (2000) and an investigation by Yim (Yim 2011) of inbreeding in departments with different prestige status. In 2000, Eisenberg and Wells compared the scholarly impact of 700 inbred and noninbred entry-level faculty members from 32 American law schools.

Many researchers report that inbreeding rates are, in general, higher at prestigious universities (Berelson 1960; Wells, Hassler, and Sellinger 1979; Im 1990; Eisenberg and Wells 2000; Horta, Sato, and Yozenawa 2011). Berelson (1960) notes that high inbreeding rate in elite universities is a “statistical consequence” of their dominant position within their respective systems, as they are the main producers of PhD holders and must hire from within, while newer universities appear later in the context of more developed academic systems and hire faculty members from elite universities (Horta, Sato, and Yozenawa 2011).

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